The original area platted as Cumberland has great historical significance to the Town. The historical significance relates back to the establishment of the National Road. As the road continued west and went through Indiana, Cumberland was founded. Cumberland later became the last stop on the National Road before Indianapolis. Today E. Washington Street is still a major thoroughfare in the center of Town.
Historic structures in this area are listed on the National Register of Historic Places and are protected through the local historic conservation district. The conservation district is managed by the Indianapolis Historic Preservation Commission (IHPC). The conservation plan and guidelines are available on the IHPC website.